An affix is an addition to the base form or stem of a word in order to modify its meaning or create a new word. An affix is a morpheme which can attach before (as a prefix), after (as a suffix), inside (as an infix), or around (as a circumfix) the stem or base form of a word.
The following chart gives examples of different kinds of affixes in English and in Kunwinjku:
|AFFIX||ENGLISH EXAMPLE||KUNWINJKU EXAMPLE||SCHEMA||DESCRIPTION|
|Prefix||un-do||Ngalwamud (female of Wamud skin)||prefix-stem||Appears before the stem|
|Suffix||look-ing||Sydney-beh (from Sydney||stem-suffix||Appears after the stem|
|Infix||abso〈flippin’〉lutely||kamre (he/she is coming – compare kare he/she is going)||st〈infix〉em||Appears within a stem|
|Circumfix||en⟩light⟨en||xxx||circumfix⟩stem⟨circumfix||One portion appears before the stem, the other after|