affix

An affix is an addition to the base form or stem of a word in order to modify its meaning or create a new word. An affix is a morpheme which can attach before (as a prefix), after (as a suffix), inside (as an infix), or around (as a circumfix) the stem or base form of a word.

The following chart gives examples of different kinds of affixes in English and in Kunwinjku:

AFFIX ENGLISH EXAMPLE KUNWINJKU EXAMPLE SCHEMA DESCRIPTION
Prefix un-do Ngalwamud (female of Wamud skin) prefix-stem Appears before the stem
Suffix look-ing Sydney-beh (from Sydney stem-suffix Appears after the stem
Infix abso〈flippin’〉lutely kamre (he/she is coming – compare kare he/she is going) st〈infix〉em Appears within a stem
Circumfix en⟩light⟨en xxx circumfix⟩stem⟨circumfix One portion appears before the stem, the other after