Palatal consonants are made with the middle section of the tongue against the palate.

The palate is the hard part of the roof of the mouth.

English only uses one palatal consonant ‘y’ (IPA phonetic symbol [j].)

Indigneous Australian languages often have a range of palatal sounds, including a nasal (spelled either ‘nj’ or ‘ny’ in different languages), stop sounds (like ‘tj’ or ‘dj’) and lateral sounds (spelled ‘lj’ or ‘ly’)